New NEF Web Resource...

The New Economics Foundation has now launched it's Change the Rules website, showcasing local, community and other initiatives building a more democratic and sustainable economy, and the policies and support infrastructure they will need to prosper. 

Public Service Mutuals...

Important UK government consultation open now (until 30 Septembr 2019) on the definition of 'public service mutuals' - details here.

Public Service Mutuals Consultation



Work progresses on the design of the forthcoming EU social enterprise grants programme for Kosovo...


Social Enterprise in Kosovo...

Just as I post this news item, a muezzin calls out adhan (the muslim call to prayer) from a mosque in downtown Pristina, where Geof Cox Associates are currently advising on the implementation of Kosovo's new social enterprise legislation - a reminder of just how far away we are from the more developed western European economies usually most associated with social enterprise.Lendita Cetinci, one of 50 local women now employed by 99Lule, has 6 children and a disabled husband - the whole family was living on about 1,000€ a year before 99Lule created a job for her.Lendita Cetinci, one of 50 local women now employed by 99Lule, has 6 children and a disabled husband - the whole family was living on about 1,000€ a year before 99Lule created a job for her.

But yesterday, local social enterprise evangelist Dajana Berisha of FIQ (Forum for Civic Initiatives - pronounced 'fiche' in Albanian) introduced me to one of the exemplary social enterprises here in Kosovo: 99Lule (99 Flowers).

In the aftermath of brutal civil war and economic collapse, Havushe Bunjakua - having lost her job as a school biology teacher - found herself with no source of income for her family of 5, in a village where over 70% of families were also dependent on welfare benefits - which in Kosovo, one of the poorest countries in Europe, means living in absolute poverty.  But drawing on her deep knowledge of botany and traditional cures, Havushe set about changing not only her own life, but those of her neighbours too.  She started to pick wild leaves and flowers she knew to have medicinal and other useful properties, and then to grow them on a nearby piece of abandoned land.  She started to employ her neighbours, and with the help of organisations like FIQ, over the last 5 years she has built up a thriving business, now employing 50 local women and selling not only in Kosovo, but in Austria, Switzerland and Germany too.

It's a story I hear wherever in the world I go: a social entrepreneur sees a social or environmental problem, and develops a business solution for it.



Urban Mushrooms...

  • Social Enterprise
  • Set up by and generating income for the YMCA
  • Assisted by The Skill Mill - another social enterprise (assisted by Geof Cox Associates)
  • Growing mushrooms in old coffee grounds that would have gone to landfill (as 500,000 tonnes do in the UK every year)
  • Supplying local restaurants with quality mushrooms, including neighbouring social enterprise The Tyneside Cinema
  • Employing local people who have been out or work, and/or in receipt of social care

So... this is a business that supplies good local food, recycles other business' waste, employs people that would otherwise find it hard to find work, generates income for charitable purposes, and supports other local social enterprises...

Why not order your own grow at home kit ?



CARe Europe Innovation Summit 2018...

Instead of it's usual annual conference CARe Europe - the international network for professionals, service users and organisations working for community and recovery-based care for people with disabilities and mental health problems - is this year hosting an Innovation Summit in Bucharest on 22-23 March focussed on social innovation and entrepreneurialism.

Geof Cox will be leading the session on Social Enterprise & Inclusion.  CHANGE TO PROGRAMME: due to illness, Geof Cox Associate Jon Pitts will now lead this session.

When:   Mar 22 - 23, 2018, 9:00am - 5:00pm EET     Where:   Hotel ibis Palatul Parlamentului, Strada Izvor 82-84, București 030167, Romania

Cost:     50€ for delegates from poorer European countries*     150€ for others

Registrations already open here.

* Armenia, Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey.

Athens Worker Buyout Conference...

So pleased that our old friend Anthony Jensen's work on Insolvency and Employee Buyouts is being cited as a key text for the forthcoming (12 December) Athens Conference on Worker Buyouts in Greece.

The conference will help shape Greek government policy on worker take-overs of insolvent companies, and will be opened by the Syriza Government Minister Ourania Antonopoulou.

Geof Cox edited Anthony's book and will be chairing the conference.  For more information please contact Geof directly.

To download a copy of Insolvency, Employment Rights & Employee Buyouts click here.

Social Enterprise in Greece...

Geof Cox Associates have just taken part in the judging of the Innovative Fundraising in Greece Award.  All of the finalists proved to be excellent social enterprises...

AthensLive is addressing the broken 'newspaper' business model, along with the social media 'fake news' problem, by developing a not-for-profit but sound online journalism model in Greece.   Like them on Facebook here.

Wise Greece links small farmers and other food producers directly with new markets, and uses its surpluses in food banks for the poorest families in Greece.   If you love authentic Greek food, you can buy Wise Greece foods in several shops both within and outside Greece - even one in New York! - or online anywhere in the EU.

European Republic is a Greek response to the threat of right-wing populism - arguing instead for unity and co-operation around the core values of democratic Europe (which of course have a particularly long history in Athens...).   Their innovation in the face of economic collapse is the development of a 'time-banking' local currency, enabling wealth creation through co-operation even when there is no money!


Social Enterprise in Morocco...Fatim-Zahra Roach: Fatim-Zahra Roach, founder of The Third Layer, models one of her own designsFatim-Zahra Roach, founder of The Third Layer, models one of her own designs

Geof Cox Associates is currently mentoring a group of 10 new social entrepreneurs in Tangier, Morocco - winners of the Social Enterprise Morocco #SocialEntrepreNorth competition.

Their social-enterprises-in-development include...

The Third Layer - sustainable anti-fashion incorporating elements of the work of traditional Moroccan makers

Djebli Club - nothing less than an exploration of new ways of living, in harmony with the natural environment, and integrating traditional villagers with travellers and supporters from all over the world; in keeping with this mission, Djebli is one of the new models of enterprise, in which the community is the product/service, and the point is not so much to buy and sell, but to exchange ideas and insights and expertise and work within the community.  How big is that community?  - well it has over 22,000 followers on Facebook.

GreenGold Energy - ambitious to reverse deforestation in Africa, and already marketing its first product - condensed biomass logs made from sawdust and other organic waste prodicts.

Coopérative Jnannemla is pioneering organic growing in the Tangier area - having started with the traditional 'box scheme' (but  this being Morocco using beautiful paniers), and now running a shop and developing other outlets.

Zelij Invent - paving slabs and tiles made from recycled plastic waste - using less energy and less water in production than conventional alternatives, but with better durability and insulation characteristics - and lower cost!

Dar Jbel - linking responsible tourism with rural development.

Dar JbelDar JbelWhy not book a room at Dar Jbel now?  You can fly from (say) London to Tangier for around £125 - and stay B&B for about £20 per night...

(If by any chance instead of Morocco you're heading out to Myanmar (see below) by the way - and especially if you're going to Yangon (Rangoon) - be sure to pick up The Yangon Good Guide - and explore the city through visits to social enterprise shops, restaurants, etc...)

Social Enterprise in Myanmar...

March 2017 - Geof Cox Associates have just completed a number of training workshops and consultancy sessions for the British Council in Myanmar (formerly Burma).  Myanmar is emerging from many years of military dictatorship, and is acutely aware of the need to build the 'civil society' public sphere which democracy really occupies - and without which the machinery of 'democratic' politics - elections, etc - is hollow, and ultimately fragile.

Social enterprise is growing in this context, and is seen as vital because of its ability to address social and environmental problems with relative independence from government, big business or international aid - all of which come with their own agendas.  It is a new but vibrant movement, concerned with the biggest issues, not all of which are central to social enterprise elsewhere (peace, human rights, poverty, environment).

So pleased that the British Council is playing a leading role in developing a social enterprise support ecosystem in these circumstances.

Training workshop at the MYSF Social Enterprise Conference in Yangon, Myanmar

New Social Enterprise Hotel...SE Hotel

The 'first arts-led social enterprise hotel in the UK' opened on 20 June in Wood Green, London.  Designed as a placefor artists to stay when visiting and working in the capital, Green Rooms offers affordable accommodation, as well as providing space for creative projects and artistic collaboration.

CIC Share Issues again...

The FCA is holding an important consultation on Barriers to Social Investment - open until March 2016.  I see this as an opportunity for social enterprise companies - especially Share CICs - to raise the issue of the remaining lack of clarity around how they can conduct a community share issue.

For more background see the news item below about Mark Johnson's piece on community share issues by CICs.

To contribute to the consultation follow this link.



Social Work - Social Enterprise

Calderdale take tentative steps towards the transformation of social work services as part of NDTi's Community Led Social Work programme.


Social Enterprise in Serbia & Kosovo

Geof Cox training social entrepreneurs in Veliko Gradiste on the Serbia/Romania borderGeof Cox training social entrepreneurs in Veliko Gradiste on the Serbia/Romania border. Photo thanks to Jasna Glišić.

Geof Cox is now working with Social Enterprise Europe and Czech NGO People in Need on developing social enterprise in Serbia and Kosovo.

What's interesting is that wherever we go now we find a wealth of social enterprise experience.

In Veliko Gradiste on the Serbian/Romanian border, for example, we found nearly all the elements in place for a successful recycling social enterprise:

  • a municipality looking for a supplier of recycling services, and able to offer support in the form of 'peppercorn' use of premises, equipment, etc;
  • local unemployed people, including some with learning disabilities, willing to develop and work in the enterprise;
  • and, most importantly, practical business support from Živimo Zajedno, a Belgrade-based recycling social enterprise, including mentoring from its CEO Dejan Kozić, whose daughter has a learning disability, and who is personally committed to both recycling and the social/economic inclusion of disabled people.

Wonder if I can get Mark Powell over there to help too?

Altogether Now...

Great news that my old guide to music co-operatives 'Are You Ready for a Brand New Beat?' has been re-written by David Barnard and re-published by The Musician's Union as 'Altogether Now'.

The new guide can be downloaded free here.

The new publication comes exactly 20 years after we launched the first music co-operative based on this model - The North East Music Co-op - which I recently recalled here.

David Barnard led one of the first replications of the model, the Swindon Music Co-operative, and I'm delighted that he has now brought the material right up to date - and with the continued support of The Musicians' Union.

It represents a straightforward, tax-efficient and fair way of organising self-employed musicians to work together.  It is particularly suited to artists - because it can simplify intellectual propety and other creativity issues - but can be used by any coherent groups of self-employed people who want to work together sometimes, or would like a common structure to provide marketing or back-office services.

The original work on employment status and tax-efficiency for the musicians' model later helped in the development of the miEnterprise model - which provides a support structure for people with disabilities who want to become economically active through their own micro-enterprise - the latest manifestation of which also launched this month: Wits-End Wizardry.

Can Social Enterprise Save Public Services?

Sunderland City Council has joined with Hempsons - the leading health and social care law firm - and the North East Social Enterprise Partnership for this one-day look at the transformation of public services to social enterprise - how it has worked for others - and how it might work for you...

Geof Cox will be speaking on MYTH BUSTING - social enterprise in the context of change for public sector services, and also presenting the 'Policy Framework' approach for local authorities, health trusts, and other public bodies to put in place agreed routes for teams and departments that want to explore service improvement through social enterprise.

Geof has worked extensively with health and social care services, and is an associate member of the National Development Team for Inclusion, where he advises on the role social enterprise can play in promoting social inclusion, especially within NDTi's current focus on Community Led Social Work.  He has also worked on the transformation of many other kinds of public services over many years, in areas such as education, transport, and back-office departments.

You can download the full programme and all the speakers details here, or go directly to booking here.

Sunderland Quayside Exchange   18th September   9.30am-3pm

Sunderland Quayside Exchange is a beautiful old building in a lovely setting.  It's also very easy to get to - less than 10 minutes walk from both Sunderland mainline station and Sunderland metro.  The mainline has direct services from London, York, and many other cities via Grand Central trains; and the Tyne & Wear Metro links Sunderland directly to Newcastle stations and airport (cheap flights from London, Belfast, Bristol, etc).


Share Image

CIC Share Issues...

Mark Johnson has written an excellent and important piece on community share issues by CICs that deserves to be widely read by people involved in Share CICs.  It is very much in line with discussions I've had with the CIC Association - John Mulkerrin in particular.

One point - the view we have developed is that the route Mark suggests of proving common interest through membership of an unlimited company is not necessary in circumstances such as community shops and pubs - because the purpose (of the CIC and the finance) is already held in common.

Here's a bit of our own (draft) guidance...

A common interest group is an identified group of people who have an interest in common with each other in the affairs of the company and in what is done with the proceeds arising from any investment they make. It does not include people linked together and with the CIC only by virtue of normal business relationships – so your customers, for example, do not constitute a common interest group for these purposes simply by virtue of being customers, but a local community investing to save a vital local facility such as a village shop or pub, probably would be regarded as a common interest group.



Geof Cox Associates links with NDTi...NDTi

Geof Cox has been made an associate member of the National Development Team for Inclusion.

NDTi is a not-for-profit organisation promoting equality for people who risk exclusion and who need support to lead a full life - especially because of issues around age, youth, disability and mental health.

Geof Cox will of course be advising on the role social enterprise can play in this work, especially in NDTi's current focus on Community Led Social Work.

CIC Regulator to step down...

Sara BurgessSara BurgessSara Burgess will be stepping down from her role as CIC Regulator in September.

Sara has been an excellent Regulator, coming from a third sector background and bringing with her not only understanding but commitment to the sector, and always willing to visit and speak at local CIC events, however modest.  I am concerned that we won't get such quality again, especially as the CIC Regulator role is now to be combined with the position of Director of Corporate Strategy at Companies House.  I do hope we don't see Sara's achievements eroded by faceless managerialism.

One thing we can do about this danger, of course, is urge passionate people running CICs now to apply for the Regulator position.

More details of the post and the application process can be found here.

CARe Europe Conference...

Social enterprise will be a central theme of the 3rd CARe Europe Conference in Prague, Czech Republic 17 - 18 June, 2015.

Geof Cox will be the keynote speaker on social enterprise and social inclusion, and will also lead a workshop session on 'How to set up a social enterprise for health and social inclusion'.

For people in the UK interested in social enterprise in health and social care this looks like one of the best conferences to come this year - it will be conducted mainly in English, and there is a lot of international interest in the UK experience - but equally there will be crucial insights from CARe network members from throughout Europe.  ... and Prague is very easy and cheap to get to and stay, compared with most other European cities (including London!).

The other keynote speaker is also English - Julie Repper is head of Recovery at Nottinghamshire Healthcare Trust, Associate Professor of Recovery at the University of Nottingham, Senior Consultant at the ImROC programme, and author of many books, including Social Inclusion & Recovery: A Model for Mental Health Practice.

You can download the Conference Programme in English here.

Social enterprise and the new Care Act...

I'm not sure how widely it's known in social enterprise circles that buried in the new UK Care Act (2014, coming into force April 2015) is the extension of the power to all local authorities to delegate most statutory care and support functions to independent providers.  This 'delegation' power is in addition to the established option of commissioning non-statutory care provision.

It follows the adult social care social work practice pilots which since 2011 have enabled a few local authorities to see if 'externalising' core social work activity can improve services.  I've been involved in a number of these that have led to very successful social enterprise development – for example People 2 People CIC, a social worker owned and run service in Shropshire.

Some experts in the care field forsee this movement gathering pace, particularly in view of the push to integrate social care with health.  It's important that social enterprise developers get involved – we may not be aware of it, but there are very different cultures in social work and health that can make working for an NHS-dominated organisation unattractive.  Many social workers will see a social work social enterprise that empowers both social workers and service users as preferable to their likely future alternatives Co-operative Societies & Community Benefit Societies...

Useful outline of the current changes to Industrial & Provident Society law by my friend Simon Lee, including the dropping of the Victorian 'Industrial & Provident Society' in favour simply of 'Co-operative' and 'Community Benefit' Societies.

Social impact measurement for EU legislation...

A potentially very influential set of proposals on approaches to social impact measurement in European Commission legislation has been released by GECES (Groupe d'experts de la Commission sur l'entrepreneuriat social).  Download here.

New EU social enterprise procurement promise...Contract

Shadow social enterprise minister Chi Onwurah has promised exclusive public sector contracts for 'not-for-profit' bodies.

The Labour initiative is enabled by the January 2014 EU Public Sector Procurement Directive - which was in fact driven in part by the UK Coalition Government’s own 'public sector mutuals' initiative.  Among other possibilities, the new rules mean that public sector bodies can award contracts to newly established public sector mutuals (or social enterprises) without competition.

Public sector services were previously categorised as Part A or Part B services, with Part B services exempt from the full EU public procurement regulations.  This distinction has now been abolished, which means that all public sector contracts over the new higher de minimis threshold of 750,000€ must be advertised, but a new ‘light touch’ regulatory framework has been introduced for most of the services social enterprise undertakes, including health and social services, prison services, leisure, arts and culture.
Probably most importantly, the Directive also creates a new category of ‘reserved contracts’ for certain types of services, again including health, social and cultural services.  These contracts can be reserved to particular types of organisations, which

  • have as their main purpose the pursuit of a public service mission linked to the delivery of the reserved service
  • reinvest surpluses to forward this purpose
  • are employee-owned or organised on participatory principles, and
  • have not been awarded a reserved contract within the last 3 years.

The term of the contract also cannot exceed 3 years - so we are talking here not about an indefinite exemption from competitive tendering, but a period of exclusivity to enable new social enterprise to get into public contracts.

Update: the January 2014 EU Public Sector Procurement Directive is now in force (from 26th February 2015)

Great look into the implications of the proposed new social investment rules for charities...  

What will a statutory power of social investment mean for charities?
The Law Commission recently proposed a statutory power to make it easier for charities to carry out social investment. Luke Fletcher examines some of the things it will allow charities to do.



HS to create 'open source' CICs...

NHS England is looking to create a series of community interest companies to act as custodians for open source products introduced to the NHS.  Full story here!

Balance in the news again...

We've just heard that Balance, a service transformation that came out of Social Firms UK / Geof Cox Associates' work with the Royal Borough of Kingston, has now been successful in securing the Learning Disability provider services in Kingston through an open tender exercise.

This will mean a big expansion for what was formerly the Kingston Council Workstart & Asperger Syndrome Service, now a unique social enterprise joint venture between the local staff and Pure Innovations - which itself came out of Stockport Council several years ago, and which already runs learning disability services in the North West and elsewhere.

At the time of the spin out Geof Cox commented that he was "particularly proud of this service transformation because it provides an important model for small teams that want to take control of their own destiny, but might struggle to meet ongoing public sector pension costs without the support of a larger partner organisation".  Now the robustness of this joint venture model is becoming evident, with about 5 times the current staff numbers set to transfer into Balance in June.

New EU procurement rules to favour social enterprise...

The European Parliament has approved a new set of procurement rules which are expected to come into force in the UK by mid-2014.
They include measures to encourage public sector commissioners to break up procurement into smaller contracts and to give more regard to social value when tendering out contracts.
Most importantly for public service transformations to social enterprise, they will create a protected period for social enterprise spin-outs during which they will not have to compete with other bidders.

CIC Regulator recommends removal of individual dividend caps...

Following the recent consultation on social investment tax relief, the CIC Regulator has recommended that the maximum dividend per share cap should be removed, but the maximum aggregate dividend cap retained at 35%.

This development has enormous significance for the realisation of 'sweat equity' for social entrepreneurs from poorer backgrounds, who invest time but have no money behind them - widely seen as a key problem with the CIC form with regard to social justice, and pointed out in the original and subsequent consultations in responses written by Geof Cox Associates, for example for Social Firms UK.

It also removes the technical anomaly cramping the transaction market for CIC Shares - that the link to original sum invested inevitably led investors to prefer new to existing shares.

The Regulator has also recommended that the maximum rate for performance related interest should be increased from 10% to 20%.

Word on the streets is that the recommendations will be implemented around October, and will be retrospective (ie. apply to all shares, not just new shares).

All of the recommendations reflect the views of Share CICs themselves, as advocated by the CIC Association.

Download the full document here.

The CIC Regulator will be running a workshop at the NCVO offices in London on the morning of Tuesday 4 March 2014.   If you are interested in attending can please contact by Friday 31 January.   I would advise that you contact her as soon as possible as places will be limited and they will be allocated on a first come first served basis.

Further update:

The amendments are tabled for Parliamentary Business 21 July at 3pm - Grand Committee, House of Lords.

What will social enterprise look like in Europe by 2020?

The British Council has published an interesting new vision of the future of social enterprise.

"There may well not be a recognisable ‘social enterprise sector’ by 2020Certainly any attempts to confine social enterprise to specific legal structures or models of governance will have ceased. But the concepts and ideals of social enterprise will be spreading rapidly into all corners of society,  becoming mainstream.  All organisations, whatever their ownership model, will be judged on a spectrum of social impact."

Download the full document here.


The Big Lottery is to launch a new £150million fund in 2014 specifically targeted at community-led enterprises and kick starting community action across England.  The big question is whether Share Community Interest Companies will be elegible for funding - they are currently excluded from some Big Lottery funds, but from the information released to date it looks as though they will be able to apply to the new fund.

Download Big Lottery's initial briefing on the new fund here.

Are you an adviser called on to help set up or grow social enterprise? - and would you like to improve your ability to find the optimal organisational structure for your clients?

Geof Cox Associates ran seminars in North East England in early December on behalf of the North East Social Enterprise Partnership, aimed at developing a network and resources to embed organisational structure development expertise in the social enterprise support infrastructure in the region.  The Newcastle and Gateshead event were both over-subscribed, so we hope to repeat them in 2014.

Seminar 1developing your ability to find the optimal organisational structure - Darlington on 2 December 2013 (Teesside University (Darlington Campus), and Newcastle on 4 December (The Beacon, Westgate Road, Newcastle) - buffet Lunch at 12noon followed by a working afternoon, finish by 5pm.

This seminar explored the knowledge and resources required to give excellent advice on structuring and restructuring social enterprise and explained NESEP's plans for a sustainable expert network.

Seminar 2community share issues, how and why? - 3 December 2013 in Gateshead (Gateshead Advice Centre) - buffet Lunch at 12noon followed by a working afternoon, finish by 4pm.

Although aimed primarily at advisors, this seminar was open to anyone interested in financing social enterprise by raising money from the public.  It was led by Dave Hollings, whose consultancy, CMS, advised on the renowned community buyout of the UK’s first co-operative pub, the Old Crown at Hesket Newmarket, and went on to advise a number of other community buy-outs and social enterprise start-ups financed by share issues, and also by Geof Cox, who outlined his work with the CIC Association on guidance and model documentation to enable Community Interest Companies to more easily raise share investment from their 'community of interest'.



miEnterprise Herefordshire wins RBS finding...

miEnterprise Herefordshire was one of only 10 winners - out of 200 applicants - of RBS funding for its project with disabled students at its local special school.

More details here!

International Symposium convened by the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Entrepreneurship

I promised at this event to post here the sources of the statisitcs I used in my speech:

  • the total number of social enterprises in the UK is 688,000
  • the sector employs more than 2 million people, including half a million sole traders
  • social enterprises are estimated to have total annual incomes of £163 billion a year

 - all of these figures are from the May 2013 UK Cabinet Office paper Social Enterprise: Market Trends

  • 1 in 3 of of all businesses in development want to be social enterprises

 - from Dr Rebecca Harding's research for Delta Economics Social Entrepreneurship in the UK 2008 - also the conclusion of research for UnLtd the same year

  • 1 in 3 entrepreneurs have primarily social motives

 - Global Entrepreneurship Monitor United Kingdom 2004, also by Dr Harding

  • the figure that 1 in 3 MBA students do not put profit at the top of their priorities is taken from the work of Dr Rory Ridley-Duff - who is currently looking for the original research source for me

  • over half of the income of UK NGOs is earned income (over ¾ in some regions)

 - The Economic Contribution of Voluntary Organisations, NCVO, November 2012

  • 45% of registered charities currently identify themselves as social enterprises and 92% want to increase earned income

 - 2013 paper by Social Enterprise UK

  • the growth rate in the numbers of Community Interest Companies in the UK is exponential

 - Regulator of Community Interest Companies Annual Report 2011/2012

  • all of the figures on the growth of micro-businesses and decline of large firms in the UK were taken from the current UK Government Department for Business, Innovation & Skills Annual Business Population Estimates

  • the quotation from Simon Wicks - "The major business trend of the last few years is the regeneration of the cottage industry economic model" - is from the Enterprise Nation website which he edits.


self-employment, self-management, and new notions of work...

3-day Symposium, October 18-20 2013, Berlin          more details here

Geof Cox was a keynote speaker at this event, considering the relationship between social enterprise, self-employment and new notions of work.

For many reasons, including the increasing complexity of both machines and societies, there is ever greater demand for individual expertise, and at the same time the potential, via the internet, for experts to work together in 'collaborative communities', or in networked organisations (what might be called 'dis-organisations').  These are among the factors driving the growth of self-employment and decline in the numbers of large firms.  The future is micro!

Social enterprise has embraced these trends, and is developing new organisational structures that enable these new ways of working, and which might, in the long run, out-compete firm-based organisational models.  It works alongside environmentalism, because it respects equally the local and the global, rather than working at the level of the national or multi-national.

Is this actually how capitalism concludes? - not with revolution or planned economy, but back to the future of a technologically enabled artisanal market?


Big Society Capital's Response to the Social Investment Tax Relief Consultation...

Download here.  Probably the most important section is on the CIC Dividend and Interest Caps, p.17-20.


Read more on 2013 and other not-so-recent stories in the News archive